Whether One Person Company Registration is really Incentivised?

Whether One Person Company is really incentivised?

One Person Company (OPC) is characterized in segment 2 of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘Companies Act’) as an organization which has just one person as a ‘member’. The accentuation has been on the individual from the organization for example proprietor of the company.The One Person Company Registration will likewise be needed to have a candidate to the sole individual from the organization. The OPC will have in any event 1 director in the organization, in any case, there can be 15 directors in an OPC. This is on the grounds that the law accommodates just least number of directors in an OPC. What is your exact need?. Here we discuss about Whether One Person Company Registration is really Incentivised? in this article.


Erstwhile provisions

Preceding the correction to Rule 6 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, an OPC will change over itself into public organization or private limited company in certain cases i.e. where the settled up share capital of One Person Company surpasses Rs. 50 lacs or its normal yearly turnover during the significant period surpasses Rs. 2 crores, as it will stop to be qualified for proceed as OPC. Preceding the revision to Rule 7 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014, a private company having settled up share capital of Rs. 50 lacs or less or normal yearly turnover during the applicable period is Rs. 2 crores or less may convert itself into OPC by passing a unique goal in the regular gathering. Just a characteristic individual who is an Indian resident and occupant of India were qualified to be join OPC and chosen one for the sole individual from One Person Company. Here inhabitant of India implied – an individual who has remained in India for a time of at the very least 182 days during the promptly going before one schedule year.

Announcements in 2021

On February 1, 2021, the Union Finance Minister in the Union Budget Speech expressed that “As a further measure which straightforwardly benefits Start-ups and Innovators, I propose to boost the fuse of One Person Companies (OPCs) by permitting OPCs to develop with no limitations on settled up capital and turnover, permitting their change into some other sort of organization whenever, lessening as far as possible for an Indian resident to set up an OPC from 182 days to 120 days and furthermore permit Non Resident Indians (NRIs) to join OPCs in India. “Since Union Budget, the One Person Company has been seen in generous spotlight because of the motivating forces allowed in the Union Budget.

Amendments in provision of companies Act after Union budget

Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) revised the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 to change the residency necessity for a member and chosen one (i.e. From 182 days to 120 days), accordingly empowering non-inhabitants to frame an OPC. The settled up capital and turnover limits have been eliminated to such an extent that an One Person Company may keep on working as such regardless of any measure of settled up capital or turnover and unreservedly convert into a private or public organization without the prerequisites of finishing a long time since joining and any edges of settled up capital or turnover. The said corrections are compelling from April 1, 2021. The urgent idea of change which thwarted development of an OPC as an association type have in this way been eliminated to permit more opportunity to existing OPCs and new fuses. In my view, these alterations are not huge enough for a business person to consider OPC as his undertaking over privately limited company or restricted obligation associations or organization firm.

Why incentivised?

It has been over 7 years that the idea of One Person Company has not acquired the normal energy. In my view, OPC will be incentivised when a privately limited company or LLP or public organization can be become a sole individual from other organization for example OPC. It will be not difficult to recognize the investors. It will be basic shareholding in corporates. There would not be a need to consent to the arrangements of segment 89 of the Companies Act w.r.t. enlisted proprietors and advantageous proprietors. Each such organization that is framed will be an entirely claimed auxiliary organization. Regardless, the OPC can have more than one director. The Government may correct the applicable arrangements to permit OPC to make interests in protections of anybody corporates. An expense effective design for OPC would promote boost its development/conversion. In this way, an One Person Company would be boosted in evident sense. This would likewise be a stage towards simplicity of working together.

Recent news

The Government on Monday said it proposes to boost fuse of one individual organizations (OPCs), a move that will profit new businesses and trend-setters. Money Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said fuse of OPCs will be boosted by permitting such organizations “to develop without limitation on settled up capital and turnover, permitting transformation into some other kind of organization whenever, lessening as far as possible for an Indian resident to set up an OPC from 182 days to 120 days, and permit additionally non-occupant Indians to fuse OPCs in India”.

Disadvantages of OPC

Ownership limitation

According to Rule 2.1 (1) of the Draft Rules under Companies Act, 2013 just a characteristic individual who is an Indian resident and occupant in India will be qualified to consolidate a One Person Company.

Hence, the individual joining the One Person Company should be a characteristic individual inferring that it can’t be framed by a juristic individual or a fake individual for example any sort of organization consolidated under Companies Act 2013. This limits the responsibility for people and not companies.

This arrangement likewise debilitate unfamiliar direct speculation by refusing unfamiliar organizations and global organizations to fuse their auxiliaries in India as a One Person Company. Subsequently, an OPC should change their legitimate status to a private limited company to get financial backers. Outsiders and NRIs are permitted to put resources into a Private Limited Company under the Automatic Approval course where 100% FDI is accessible in many areas.


Since an OPC can have just a single investor, there can be no perspiration value offers or ESOPs to boost representatives. ESOPs must be executed if one person company changes over into a private or public limited company. A private or public limited company can undoubtedly extend by an increment of approved capital and further assignment of offers to even outsiders.

Thus, a privately limited company is a best alternative for new companies who need to energize their workers via investment opportunities.