Buy-back shares of other Securities of the Company
Buy-back shares of other Securities of the Company
Unless stated otherwise, the following norms shall be complied with by the private companies and unlisted public companies for buy-back of their securities and shares. In One Person Company, no need of the buy-back shares why because; there is no need of the shareholders. The director itself can maintain the share capital, profit and losses of the company. No one can be responsible for anything happens in One Person Company. The director can eligible to do all necessary requirements of the company. Anyway, if you want to convert your OPC into private limited company or public limited company, it will be more helpful to your business. If you a director of a Private Limited Company or Public Limited Company, you will aware of this buy-back shares and securities concept. In this article, we are going to discuss the buy-back shares and securities of shareholders of the company below.
Buy-back shares or other securities
The explanatory statement to be annexed to the notice of the general meeting pursuant to section 102 shall contain the following disclosures, namely:-
- The date of the Board meeting at which the proposal for buy-back was approved by the Board o Directors of the company;
- The objective of the buy-back;
- The class of shares or other securities intended to be purchased under the buy-back;
- The method to be adopted for the buy-back;
- The number of securities that the company proposes to buy-back;
- The price at which the buy-back of shares or other securities shall be made;
- The basis of arriving at the buy-back price;
- The maximum amount to be paid for the buy-back and the sources of funds from which the buy-back would be financed;
- The time-limit for the completion of buy-back;
- The aggregate shareholding of the promoters and of the directors of the promoter, where the promoter is a company and of the directors and key managerial personnel as on the date of the notice convening the general meeting;
- The aggregate number of equity shares purchased or sold by persons mentioned in sub-clause (1) during a period of twelve months preceding the date of the board meeting at which the buy-back was approved and from that date till the date of notice convening the general meeting;
- The maximum and minimum price at which purchases and sales referred to in sub-clause (2) were made along with the relevant date;
If the persons mentioned in sub-clause (i) of clause (j) intent to tender their shares for buy-back-
- The quantum of shares proposed to be tendered;
- The details of their transactions and their holdings for the last twelve months prior to the date of the board meeting at which the buy-back was approved including information of number of shares acquired, the price and the date of acquisition;
A confirmation that there are no defaults subsisting in repayment of deposits, interest payment thereon, redemption of debentures or payment of interest thereon or redemption of preference shares or payment shares or payment of dividend due to any shareholder, or repayment of any term loans or interest payable thereon to any financial institution or banking company; A confirmation that the Board of directors have made a full enquiry into the affairs and prospectus of the company and that they have formed the opinion-
- That immediately following that date on which the general meeting is convened there shall be no grounds on which the company could be found unable to pay its debts;
- As regards its prospectus for the year immediately following that date, that, having regard to their intentions with respect to the management of the company’s business during that year and to the amount and character of the financial resources which will in their view be available to the company during that year, the company shall be able to meet its liabilities as and when they fall due and shall not be rendered insolvent within a period of one year from that date; and
- The directors have taken into account the liabilities (including prospective and contingent liabilities), as if the companies were being wound up under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
A report addressed to the Board of directors by the company’s auditors stating that-
- They have inquired into the company’s state of affairs;
- The amount of the permissible capital payment for the securities in question is in their view properly determined;
- That the audited accounts on the basis of which calculation with reference to buy-back is done is not more than six months old from the date of offer document which are subjected to limited review by the auditors of the company.
- The Board of directors have formed the opinion as specified in clause (m) on reasonable grounds and that the company, having regard to its state of affairs, shall not be rendered insolvent within a period of one year from that date’.
The company which has been authorized by a special resolution shall, before the buy-back of shares, file with the Registrar of Companies a letter of offer in Form. No. SH. 8, along with the fee. Provided that such letter of offer shall be than two directors of the company, one of whom shall be the managing director, where there is one. The company shall file with the Registrar, along with the letter of offer, and in case of a listed company with the Registrar and the securities and exchange board, a declaration of solvency in Form No. SH.9 along with the fee and signed by at least two directors of the company, one of whom shall be the managing director, if any, and verified by an affidavit by an affidavit as specified in the said Form. The letter of offer shall be dispatched to the shareholders or security holders immediately after filing the same with the Registrar of Companies but not later than twenty days from its filing with the Registrar of Companies. The offer for buy-back shall remain open for a period of not less than fifteen days and not exceeding thirty days from the date of dispatch of the letter of offer. In case the number of shares or other specified securities offered by the shareholders or security holders is more than the total number of shares or securities to be bought back by the company, the acceptance per shareholder shall be on proportionate basis out of the total shares offered for being bought back. The company shall complete the verifications of the offers received within fifteen days from the date of closure of the offer and the shares or other securities lodged shall be deemed to be accepted unless a communication of rejection is made within twenty one days from the date of closure of the offer. The company shall immediately after the date of closure of the offer, open a separate bank account and deposit bank account and deposit therein, such sum, as would make up the entire sum due and payable as consideration for the shares tendered for buy-back in terms of these rules.
The company shall within seven days of the time specified in sub-rule (7)-
- Make payment of consideration in cash to those shareholders or security holders whose securities have been accepted; or
- Return the share certificates to the shareholders or security holders whose securities have not been accepted at all or the balance of securities in case of part acceptance.
The company shall ensure that-
- The letter of offer shall contain true, factual and material information and shall not contain any misleading information and must state that the directors of the company accept the responsibility for the information contained in such document;
- The company shall not issue any new shares including by way of bonus shares from the date of passing of special resolution authorizing the buy-back till the date of the closure of the offer under these rules, except those arising out of any outstanding convertible instruments;
- The company shall confirm in its offer the opening of a separate bank account adequately funded for this purpose and to pay the consideration only by way of cash;
- The company shall not withdraw the offer once it has announced the offer to the to the shareholders;
- The company shall not utilize any money borrowed from banks or financial institutions for the purpose of buying back its shares; and
- The company shall not utilize the proceeds of an earlier issue of the same kind of shares or same kind of other specified securities for the buy-back.
- The company shall maintain a register of shares or other securities which have bought-back in Form No. SH.10.
- The register of shares or securities bought-back shall be maintained at the registered office of the company and shall be kept in the custody of the secretary of the company or any other person authorized by the board in this behalf;
- The entries in the register shall be authenticated by the secretary of the company or by any other person authorized by the Board for the purpose.
The company after the completion of the buy-back under these rules shall file with the Registrar and in case of a listed company with the Registrar and the Securities and Exchange Board of India, a return in the Form No. SH.11 along with the fee. There shall be annexed to the return filed the Registrar in Form No. SH. 11, a certificate in Form No. 15 signed by two directors of the company including the managing director, if any, certifying that the buy-back of securities has been made in compliance with the provisions of the Act and the rules made thereunder.
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